IF YOU RECEIVE TWO COPIES OF
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our Aeron Vale Allotment
Gardeners Chat-Shed web-sites.
Consequently it will have been
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the second one to arrive! Simples!
you, our Gardeners Chat-Shed friends, may be members of your own gardening clubs and allotment groups, you can still share in what we have to offer here by way of gardening tips, news, information and gossip from
our "grow your own"
There's something for everyone
in our News-letter!
be passed the summer solstice by the
time you receive this latest
news-letter. That means we're
heading back to shorter daylight
How depressing a thought is that?
But don't panic too much, think of
it this way. Each day after the
solstice (June 21st) is equivalent
to a day before the solstice. So the
days will shorten very gradually at
the rate of just under 2 minutes per day
on average, until we get to the
winter solstice in December. Yuk -
let's move on!
The word 'Solstice' derives
from the Latin term meaning 'sun
stood still', as in the winter
and summer solstice the sun appears
to rise and set in practically the
same place. When the 'sun
stood still', in summer this
year I was lifting my first 'new'
potatoes - so I can't forget that
this year (more on that subject
below). For us gardeners when
the sun stood still' and
afterwards, has other major
Effect of Daylight Length on Plant
is critical to the growth and
lifecycle of a lot of plants.
Many plants use the length of the
day to judge when to flower or set
seed. Different varieties of plants
will react to day length in
different ways. That is why our
onions are geared towards a 14 hour
period, whereas varieties more
suitable for the tropics use 10
hours as a trigger. At the equator
day length is uniform around 12
Circadian cycles/ rhythms play a
part in this, but I won't go down
that road just now!
Basic to a plant’s growth is daylight.
Like a solar power processor, a plant
uses the energy from sunlight to power
its growth. Contrary to popular
terminology that's based on old beliefs,
plants don't get food via their roots
- just nutrients and water,
in fact all their food energy is
produced by photosynthesis, i.e. light -
ALL natural light on Earth comes from
the Sun. that's why plants will die if
you cover them with a black plastic sheet - regardless of whether their
roots are well established, healthy and
in good soil! Blocking out light starves
them of food & they eventually die.
Mind you, if you want to eradicate some
stubborn weeds (like docks) that way you
might find you have to keep them covered
for over two years!
Temperature, nutrient levels in the soil
and water are all important - but
without sunlight plants will not grow.
The more sunlight, the more energy is
available for the plant to power that
length is particularly important to show
growers who artificially push vegetables
to maturity for a show rather than when
they would naturally be ready.
There are also lurking problems - very
often after the solstice, (for obvious
Bolting is triggered either by cold/
spells or by the changes in day
length through the seasons.
Although bolting is only seen on crops
approaching maturity, it is initiated
much earlier. Annual crops will flower
naturally in the first year, whereas
biennials do not usually flower until
the second. In annual crops, bolting
occurs before they are ready to gather
and, in biennials, when an
over-wintering organ (carrot roots and
example) flowers before the winter.
Annual crops sensitive to
photoperiod (how many hours of
daylight received) include lettuce,
some radish cultivars and spinach.
They are long-day plants, which
initiate flowers when day length
increases. It is a natural
progression for spring-sown annuals
to run to seed as summer progresses,
but this can happen prematurely
under the influence of stress or
Some biennial crops (which grow in
the first year, flower in the
second) such as onions, leeks,
carrot and beetroot can initiate
flowers in the first year. This is
due to unsettled weather conditions
early in the season and usually
occurs after a prolonged cold spell,
often during the propagation phase.
Cold nights, hot days and late
frosts may also contribute to
premature initiation of flowering.
With cold-sensitive plants,
sowings can be delayed until
temperatures are more stable. E.g.
strategy is advisable for endive and
Alternatively, for early
crops of vegetables such as
onions, beetroot and kohl rabi,
plants can be raised in modules in a
greenhouse and planted out when
temperatures are warmer, or they can
be directly sown under cloches or
horticultural fleece to provide
which are always quick to bolt in
spring, should be sown around 20
July (one week earlier in the north
and one week later in the south -
remember the general rule that in
the UK 100 miles north is usually
equivalent to one week later).
Although such crops will still run
to seed in spring, they will bolt
later than crops sown earlier, while
later-sown crops may be too small to
will also help to achieve a constant
harvestable supply if the season is
To prevent bolting in
other oriental brassicas,
these crops should be sown from July
Vegetables such as
radicchio, Florence fennel, and
oriental greens bolt when
the nights become warm
– on average above 10-13°C
of interest, dedicated prize onion
growers will tell you that the size of
your bulbs in autumn is directly
proportional to the number and size of
their leaves before the solstice. After
the longest day, they start to take down their
energy to store in the bulbs for next
year. So the more leaves, and the bigger
they are, the bigger the
bulbs will be later. That's why it's important to get
them sown early in spring (weather
Do You Really Trust Weathermen &
Apocalypse Prophets? I Don't!
Britain should brace itself for a continuing trend
of soggy summers, according to Met Office
scientists, who have predicted that the natural
warming of the Atlantic jet stream coupled with
higher levels of greenhouse gases means that summers
will be wet for a decade.
"This sounds interesting" I hear some of you fellow
gardeners muttering to yourselves! Remember the
predictions on T.V. & in the papers in the spring of
last year (2012)? We were to brace ourselves for a
summer long drought with water levels at
record lows, what did we get? The wettest summer in
living memory. Hmm OK experts - we believe you
(NOT)! Flash-backs to twenty five years ago when
Michael Fish's words of reassurance on the 15th of
October 1987 forecast passed into the national
consciousness. Nonchalantly he began by saying:
"Earlier on today a woman rang the BBC to say
she'd heard there was a hurricane on the way, well,
if you're watching, don't worry there isn't."
GASP! What followed was the worst storm to hit
south-east England since 1703. The error made the
weather forecaster infamous as the man who failed to
spot what became known as the Great Storm. Want a
HERE to see it again.
Moving on to the present. We've recently had leading scientists and meteorologists
the Met Office to discuss the UK's
unusual weather patterns in recent years (the wise
and wonderful often do that - it enhances their
reputations - or the opposite - apparently it
settles their nerves and stops them getting bored ). They looked at what might have caused the cold
winter of 2010/11, the wet summer of 2012, and this
year's cold spring. (Attaboys - let's hear it
Professor Stephen Belcher, Head of the Met Office
Hadley Centre and chair of the meeting, said that
delegates had heard about "exciting" research from the
University of Reading into circulation of currents
in the Atlantic. "These areas of warm and cold water can affect the
atmosphere, and load the dice as to where the jet
stream is," he said. "If the jet stream ends in a southerly position, it
can bring wet summers". (Oh really? Tell us more,
tell us more).
Professor Rowan Sutton, of the University of
Reading, pointed out that there will always be a lot of
variability in British weather (no sh _ t Sherlock -
but we're still all ears), but he said recent
persistent patterns - such as the series of wet
summers since 2007 - are unusual (you're pulling my
leg - 2012 was the 40th wettest for Northern
Ireland. Records date back to 1910. With 39 wetter
years since 1910 how was this 'unusual'?). Prof.
Sutton went on to say "this spring was
the coldest for over 50 years, 2012 was the wettest
in a century and December 2010 was the coldest on
record, with national records dating back to 1910.
(Wow! THAT far back! That REALLY is far back when
you consider that humans have only been on this
earth for 200,000 years, and they've only
been officially recording data about the weather for
about 200 years! Gives you a lot of
confidence doesn't it? Cod's wallop - tell what you
said at your conference to the fairies or if you
can't find any of them try the good folk of Northern
Research at the University of Reading suggests that
recent wet summers could be caused by a major
warming of the North Atlantic Ocean that occurred
back in the 1990s. The North Atlantic ocean has
alternated slowly between warmer and cooler
conditions over the last 100 years. We saw a rapid switch to a warmer North Atlantic in
the 1990s and the meteorologists think this is increasing the
chances of wet summers over the UK and hot, dry
summers around the Mediterranean - a situation that
is likely to persist for as long as the North
Atlantic remains in a warm phase.
A transition back to a cooler North Atlantic,
favouring drier summers in the UK and northern
Europe, is likely and could occur rapidly. Exactly
when this will happen is difficult to predict, but
we're working on it (that sounds like a statement of
REAL confidence - be sure to let us know when you
ARE sure of these predictions) .
Other research at Reading suggests recent cold
winters may be linked to a dip in the energy coming
from the Sun (sounds like a hedge bet coming up) and more frequent blocking events in
the Eastern Atlantic. Blocking occurs when the warm
jet stream from the west on its way to Northern
Europe is blocked allowing north-easterly winds to
arrive from the Arctic. Blocking episodes can
persist for several weeks, leading to extended cold
periods in winter.
He concluded by saying "As well as such natural processes, we know that
weather across the UK and Europe is being affected
by higher levels of greenhouse gases in the
atmosphere" (ah! I was wondering when that ol'
chestnut was going to break the surface). "For example, rainfall events have become
more intense and this is quite likely linked to a
warmer climate. There is also some evidence linking
the record low amounts of Arctic sea ice to UK
weather, but this evidence is not yet conclusive
The meeting was designed to assess the research done
so far and discuss what needs to be studied in the
future to get a better idea of what could be causing
the weather extremes.
Earlier this month the Met Office said below average
temperatures through March, April and May made it
the fifth coldest spring in national records dating
back to 1910 and the coldest spring since 1962. Provisional findings show the UK's mean temperature
for the season was just 6C (42.8F), while March was
"exceptionally" cold, averaging 2.2C (36F).
Fascinating! So are our summers getting dryer &
warmer or colder & wetter?
I don't know about you, but I feel that anyone who
believes this drivel is in the same category as one of Chicken Licken's friends!
Know Your Pests
Blackfly (or black bean aphid)
that can usually be found on the undersides of leaves as well as
on soft new shoot tips or buds. Black bean aphids cluster
together and are noticeable because of their dark colouring. As
they feed, they secrete a sticky, honeydew substance which drips
onto lower foliage and often becomes covered in a sticky black
bean aphids affect a wide range of garden plants, trees shrubs
and certain vegetables (mainly beans and peas).
About Black bean
The black bean aphid is
more commonly known as 'Black fly'.
Adult aphids are up to
2mm long and elliptical in shape. They are black in colour,
although they can also appear dark green or purple.
Black bean aphid
infestations are commonly managed by black garden ants which
'farm' the aphids and 'milk' the sticky honeydew that they
produce. Ants will often carry young aphids onto new plants
to establish new colonies.
Large colonies can cover
areas on the youngest sections of stems, and the undersides
of leaves and sometimes on flowerbuds.
During the warmer months
aphids give birth to as many as five live young a day, so
large colonies can develop very quickly.
When the colonies become
over-populated, they move to different locations by
producing winged aphids.
During the cooler
months, aphids mate and produce eggs which overwinter.
Aphids feed on plant sap
and excrete plant sugars as honeydew.
Honeydew often covers
the leaves of a plant and then becomes infested with black
sooty moulds. However, this is less common with black bean
aphids where ants are collecting the honeydew.
containing the following chemical ingredients are all effective
on Black bean aphid
Surfactant based products
Note: If you do resort to
using chemicals (organic methods are cleaner, healthier and just
as effective against this pest) It is important to read
manufacturer's instructions for use and the associated safety
data information before applying chemical treatments.
Inspect plants regularly and deal with early symptoms
Remove as many aphids as you can by hand or, if possible,
cut off infested shoots and stems on susceptible shrubs.
the infested areas of a plant with a strong jet of water to
keep aphid numbers down.
Use natural fatty acids - gently spray with a solution
of soapy water.
nettings and fleeces to stop aphids spreading to susceptible
Encourage natural aphid predators such as ladybirds,
Aphidoletes, hoverfly and lacewing larvae. These can be
obtained from commercial suppliers and released on to
affected plants outdoors.
greenhouse plants use parasitic wasps of aphids such as
Aphidius matricariae and Aphidius ervi which can be
purchased for release in a contained space.
Regularly check plants for signs of aphid infestation and
deal with them as soon as they appear.
Encourage natural enemies.
using broad spectrum insecticides which will kill beneficial
insects as well as aphids.
Encourage insectivorous birds by hanging feeders during the
winter months and provide nesting boxes in the spring.
OF MY OWN ALLOTMENT SITE NEWS
The cold spring has taken it's
toll. Although summer is a bit more like what it should be, the
effects of that long cold spring is still with us. Even though where
I grow my crops we are blessed with a micro climate that makes it
warmer & dryer than the surrounding areas of Cardigan Bay (Aberaeron
is referred to by some old folk in the area as "the Cardigan Bay
frying pan"), we can't escape. I calculate that my crops are at
least four weeks behind. What I see at the end of June is what I
would normally expect to see at the beginning of the month. The
runner & French beans seem particularly stubborn to get going.
Having said that, the spuds are
going great guns. As are the onions, shallots & cabbage.
It's always a special occasion when you lift your
very first new potatoes of the season. That day
arrived on the 21st of June this year. I could
probably have lifted them a week or so earlier, as
they've been in flower for a while, but on the 21st
I couldn't resist it any longer.
on the day of the summer solstice two haulms were
lifted. VERY impressed! Not just with the size &
quantity but the taste was first class.
They're Vales Emerald. I had hoped to plant them
last year, but didn't manage to get the seed tubers
in time. This year I managed it - thanks to my wife
Josie who found them in Wrexham on one of her trips
up north to visit her family in Birkenhead.
Vales Emerald are a cross between Charlotte (my all
time favourite early) & Maris Peer. So logic would
have it that a potato with those two for parents
should turn out OK. I'm not disappointed. "Her
Indoors" asked what they were - after boiling them -
and then declared that she wanted ALL Vales Emerald
next year! I'm not sure about that.
This is the row the Vale Emeralds were picked from:
This year I've also got Salad Blue (first time trial
for me - they actually have blue coloured tubers -
quite a novelty in a salad!).
for the Charlotte; my guess is the "cook" might be
in a quandary when she tastes those again this year
- she's probably forgotten how good they are. I
wonder if she'll still want ALL Vales Emerald next
year when I start on the Charlottes in a few weeks'
time? Or perhaps Ulster Classic will top the bill!
Then there's Pink Fir Apple - as usual - and the
other two maincrop varieties this year are Pentland
Hawk & Armour, which I did grow years ago but I've
forgotten what they were like & then another new
trial for me - Ulster Classic - another first early,
like Vales Emerald, but the flowers haven't quite
opened yet. Any time from here on they'll see the
light of day.
the Ulster Classic is as good as Ian Barbour of JBA
Seed Potatoes reckons they are (he says it's the
best flavoured spud he's ever tasted and he should
know, he's eaten a few tons in his time I guess)
then we're in for a treat.
Here's the rest of my potato 'patch'
The rest of the plot is coming along slowly I
say that because it IS slow this year in our part of
the world. At a guess I would say we're between 4 &
6 weeks behind.
The lettuce did well up to a point, but for some
reason they suddenly slowed down, why is a mystery.
The spring onions are coming on fine. It seems to be
quite a good year for the onions & the rest of the
The shallots and onions on the left are thriving.
The runner beans in the background are struggling a
little. However, the dry weather we've had hasn't
helped and before that it was cold. So with a bit
more rain & warmth I guess they'll do OK - they
usually do, even if it takes a bit longer.
The peas are now starting to get into their stride,
but again very slow, considering we're into our last
week of June. The cabbage (in the background in the
green mini net tunnel) are thriving. It's always the
same, what some plants struggle with, others thrive
on. The cooler weather this year seems to suit the
cabbage, onions & spuds.
Courgettes, pumpkins & cucumbers are starting to
move in the tyre towers, but BOY they've been a
nightmare to get started this year, fluctuating heat
& cold they hate, and guess what? Temperature
fluctuations have been the order of the day this
And finally in the polytunnel, the last dregs of the
seedlings are queuing up to go outside. I'll have to
make that a priority in the next week or so, in
order to get the toms, cucs, melons, capsicums &
aubergines into their permanent spots in the
polytunnel borders that are still loaded up with
plant trays & pots at the moment.
These are a tray of Sweet peas (not peas) that are
waiting to go in a border along the perimeter fence
of my lottie. Trouble is it needs digging &
preparing. Because it's been so hectic on the veg.
front the poor flowers have not been able to climb
up the priority list, let alone climb up any fences!
OTHER ALLOTMENT &
So What Happens When We REALLY
Trip Over Our Shoelaces In The
Whilst I have little time for
apocalyptical prophesies and
unfounded predictions about
neurotic global warming alerts
based solely on man's modern
carbon dioxide pollution
(although it obviously is a
contributing factor). Global
warming has come and gone over
the millennia - with or without
our input. HOWEVER our
ridiculous over dependency on
fossil fuel - primarily oil - is
a very REAL threat to our
existence, because it compounds
directly on our immediate food
supply. It's time to get back to
reality and to explore the
correct way of doing things.
LESSON FROM CUBA
Climate change (not
particularly man-made, but
due to natural cyclical weather
patterns over thousands of
population growth, depletion of
the oil supplies that we have
become totally dependent on -
they could all threaten future
food supplies. But global
agriculture, with its dependence
on fuel and inorganic
fertilisers (made from oil) is
also highly vulnerable to an oil
shortage, as Cuba found out 20
Around Cuba's capital Havana, it
is quite remarkable how often
you see a neatly tended plot of
land right in the heart of the
Sometimes smack bang between
tower block estates or next door
to the crumbling colonial
houses, fresh fruit and
vegetables are growing in
Some of the plots are small -
just a few rows of lettuces and
radishes being grown in an old
Other plots are much larger -
the size of several football
pitches. Usually they have a
stall next to them to sell the
produce at relatively low prices
to local people.
Twenty years ago, Cuban
agriculture looked very
different. Between 1960 and
1989, a national policy of
transformed Cuban farming into
high-input mono-culture in which
tobacco, sugar, and other cash
crops were grown on large state
Cuba exchanged its abundant
produce for cheap, imported
subsidised oil from the old
Eastern Bloc. In fact, oil was
so cheap, Cuba pursued a highly
industrialised fuel-thirsty form
of agriculture - not so
different from the kind of
farming we see in much of the
But after the collapse of the
Soviet Union, the oil supply
rapidly dried up, and, almost
overnight, Cuba faced a major
food crisis. Already affected by
a US trade embargo, Cuba by
necessity had to go back to
basics to survive -
With no petrol for tractors,
oxen had to plough the land.
With no oil-based fertilisers or
pesticides, farmers had to turn
to natural and organic
tractors when Cuba
became a low-fuel
Today, about 300,000 oxen work
on farms across the country and
there are now more than 200
biological control centres which
produce a whole host of
biological agents in fungi,
bacteria and beneficial insects.
Havana has almost 200 urban
allotments - known as
organiponicos - providing four
million tonnes of vegetables
every year - helping the country
to become 90% self-sufficient in
fruit and vegetables.
Alamo Organiponico is one of the
larger co-operatives, employing
170 people, built on a former
rubbish tip that produces 240
tonnes of vegetables a year.
There is a wide range of crops
planted side by side and
brightly coloured marigolds at
Car parks and
rubbish tips have
"We produce all different kinds
of vegetables," says farmer
Emilio Andres, who is proud of
the fact that his allotment
feeds the local community.
"We sell to the people, the
school, the hospital, also to
the restaurant and the hotel.
"It's important because it's
grown in the city, it's fresh
food for the people, it's
healthy food, and it provides
jobs for the people here too.
"We don't spray any chemicals.
We only spray biological means
like bastilos - a bacteria and
fungus to kill the pests. And we
use repellent plants like
marigolds to keep away the
"When I see all of these healthy
crops, without too many pests,
grown without any chemicals,
it's amazing for me - I am
making a contribution for the
people that get healthy crops,
The organiponico uses raised
beds filled with about 50%
high-quality organic material
(such as manure), 25% composted
waste such as rice husks and
coffee bean shells, and 25%
three times as
much food energy
meat and dairy"
As well as marigolds, basil and
neem trees are planted around
the containers to keep the
aphids and beetles at bay.
Sunflowers and corn are also
planted around the beds to
attract beneficial insects such
as ladybirds and lace wings.
Sticky paper or plastic
funnel-shaped bottles are
positioned throughout the beds
to trap harmful pests that do
get into the garden.
And the methods work. Lettuce,
tomatoes, peppers, squash, sweet
potatoes, spinach, herbs and
many other crops are grown in
huge quantities and sold
cheaply. Mangoes are 2 pence (3
US cents) a pound. Black beans
15p (25 cents) and plantain,
just 12p (20 cents).
At the time of the oil shock,
average calorie consumption in
Cuba dropped by a third to
dangerously low levels. Since
then they have bounced back and
Cubans eat just a little less
than people in the UK.
The biggest difference is that a
Western diet includes about
three times as much food energy
from animal products like meat
The Cuban diet is much less
fatty and requires less fuel to
produce. A far less varied diet
than in the West, it is also
much healthier. The standard
lunch for the farm workers is
black beans, potatoes and rice.
Cuban agricultural researcher,
Fernando Funes reckons the rest
of the world has something to
learn from the Cuban
"Well, do you have oil forever?
And there also other
considerations like global
warming, nature conservation...
the conventional way of farming
generates a lot of damage to the
environment and to human health.
"Developed countries as well as
developing countries should pay
a lot of attention to this kind
of agriculture which takes care
of land, people, environment and
is also efficient and
productive. You can combine
You can see a short film
presented by Monty Don when he
visited the Organoponicos in
Havana. It can be viewed in the
GARDENERS CHAT-SHED. To see it
world’s longest cucumber was grown in
Essex, UK in 1986 and measured a
whopping 1.1m (3ft 8in). That’s enough
to make about 44 rounds of cucumber
are a few more facts about the humble
cucumber - probably the most under rated
fruit in your greenhouse or on your
allotment! You know the one I'm talking
about - it's that green sprawling thing
you moan about because it produces so
much fruit that it causes a glut and you
can't give them away for the love of
money. Well, they're not just for eating
or giving away to your reluctant friends
& family! Even though they are probably
one of the healthiest things that you
can shove past your lips. I bet you
won't view the ol' cuc in the same light
again after you've read down the list
Cucumbers contain most of the
vitamins you need every day, just
one cucumber contains Vitamin B1,
Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5,
Vitamin B6, Folic Acid, Vitamin C,
Calcium, Iron, Magnesium,
Phosphorus, Potassium and Zinc.
Feeling tired in the afternoon? Put
down the caffeinated coffee or tea
and pick up a cucumber. Cucumbers
are a good source of B Vitamins and
Carbohydrates that can provide that
quick pick-me-up that can last for
Tired of your bathroom mirror
misting up after the shower you've
had following a hard sweaty day on
the lottie? Try rubbing a cucumber
slice along the mirror, it will
eliminate the mist & provide a
soothing, spa-like fragrance.
Are bugs and slugs ruining your
plants? Place a few slices in a
small pie tin and your garden will
be free of pests all season long.
The chemicals in the cucumber react
with the aluminium to give off a
scent undetectable to humans but
drive garden pests crazy and make
them flee the area.
Looking for a fast and easy way to
remove cellulite before going out in
your beach ware? Try rubbing a slice
or two of cucumbers along your
problem area for a few minutes, the
phytochemicals in the cucumber cause
the Collagen in your skin to
tighten, firming up the outer layer
and reducing the visibility of
cellulite. Works great on wrinkles
Want to avoid a hangover or terrible
headache? Eat a few cucumber slices
before going to bed and wake up
refreshed and headache free.
Cucumbers contain enough sugar, B
vitamins and electrolytes to
replenish essential nutrients your
body has lost through your silly
intake of alcohol, keeping
everything in equilibrium, avoiding
both a hangover and headache!
Looking to fight off that afternoon
or evening snacking binge? Cucumbers
have been used for centuries and
often used by European trappers,
traders and explores for quick meals
to thwart off starvation.
Have an important meeting or job
interview and you realize that you
don't have enough time to polish
your shoes? Rub a freshly cut
cucumber over the shoe, its
chemicals will provide a quick and
durable shine that not only looks
great but also repels water.
Out of WD 40 and need to fix a
squeaky hinge on your garden shed
door? Take a cucumber slice and rub
it along the problematic hinge, and
voila, the squeak is gone!
Stressed out and don't have time for
a sauna or massage? Cut up an entire
cucumber and place it in a boiling
pot of water, the chemicals and
nutrients from the cucumber will
react with the boiling water and be
released in the steam, creating a
soothing, relaxing aroma that has
been shown to reduce stress in new
mothers and college students during
Just finished a pub lunch and
realize you don't have chewing gum
or mints to take away the smell on
your breath? Or you're about to go
on a date, but you're worried if
your breath smells fresh enough for
close encounters? Take a slice of
cucumber and press it to the roof of
your mouth with your tongue for 30
seconds to eliminate bad breath, the
phytochemicals will kill the
bacteria in your mouth that's
responsible for causing bad breath.
Looking for a "green"; way to clean
your toilet, sink, or stainless
steel draining board? Take a slice
of cucumber and rub it on the
surface you want to clean, not only
will it remove years of tarnish and
bring back the shine, but it won't
leave streaks and won't harm your
fingers or fingernails while you
Using a pen and made a mistake? Take
the outside of the cucumber and
slowly use it to erase the pen
writing, also works great on crayons
and markers that the kids have used
to decorate the walls!
"Not a lot of
people know that!"
That's it for another issue
friends. If you would like to
write something for our NEWS-LETTER then all contributions are gratefully accepted.
You can contact me via either of our
If you have any friends or gardening acquaintances who you think would like our news-letter and would benefit from it then by all means point them towards our news-letter archive on the web-site where they can also subscribe on-line to receive the publication by e-mail
- it's FREE!
Until the next time - keep busy, but above all have fun & ENJOY on your
allotment plot or in your veg. garden!
All the best to you all,
T: 01545 571 789
M: 07980 681 583
"Gardening knowledge unshared is gardening knowledge wasted" -- Anon.